FAQ: How To Check Electric Water Heater Thermostat?

How do I know if my water heater thermostat is bad?

If you turn the hot water tap and cold water runs out, then the upper thermostat is damaged. But if the water is hot that becomes later becomes cold, then you have a damaged lower thermostat.

How do I test my water heater thermostat with a multimeter?

Use the screwdriver to set the lower thermostat to the highest setting. Touch one probe of the multimeter to each terminal on the lower thermostat. The lower thermostat has only two terminals. The reading on the multimeter should be zero.

How does an electric water heater thermostat work?

The thermostat is a thermistor that responds to heat by producing a small electric current. The current increases when water temperature increases, and drops when temperature drops. Changes in the electric current cause gas control to turn ON and OFF. When gas control turns ON, it releases gas to burner.

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How do I reset my water heater thermostat?

Somewhere on your electric water heater, you’ll find a reset button. It’s usually red and often located near the thermostat. It may also be hidden behind a removable metal panel on the unit—and then behind some insulation. Once you find the button, push and release it.

How do I test my thermostat?

Checking your car’s thermostat

  1. Have your car on level ground and make sure the engine and radiator are cool.
  2. Open the car hood and find the thermostat.
  3. Next, you will need to test your car thermostat.
  4. If you find the coolant is flowing, it means the thermostat valve is open.

Where is the thermostat in a water heater?

Electric water heaters often have two thermostats — one at the top and another at the bottom of the tank. And most tankless water heaters feature a display with a temperature readout and controls for adjusting the temperature.

What should my hot water tank thermostat be set at?

The short answer: 120 degrees Fahrenheit. This is the preset thermostat temperature in most new water heaters, and it’s the recommended setting of the U.S. Department of Energy. At this temperature, harmful pathogens like the kind that cause Legionnaires’ disease are prevented from multiplying and may be killed.

Do you have to drain a hot water heater to change the thermostat?

Always disconnect the power or shut off the breaker before doing any work on a water heater. To change thermostats, you will need to remove the access panel and safety cover (do this for both upper and lower access panels on dual element units).

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Do electric water heaters have a thermostat?

Most electric water heaters above 20 gallons have two thermostats that sense the temperature of the water in both the top and bottom of the tank. The upper thermostat is the boss and always tells the lower thermostat what to do.

Are electric hot water heater thermostats universal?

There are more than 50 brands of residential tank type electric water heaters in the U.S., most thermostats are interchangeable, however, read the product description carefully. If you must replace a thermostat its always a good idea to replace both thermostats at the same time.

How much is a thermostat for an electric water heater?

The average thermostat replacement cost is between $100 and $300.

How do you troubleshoot an electric water heater?

First, reset any tripped circuit breaker, and replace any blown fuse. Next, check if power is being supplied to the electric water heating element thermostat. Test the element, and if it’s faulty, replace it.

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