FAQ: What Size Wire For Electric Water Heater?

Can I use 10 3 wire for a hot water heater?

All you need is 2 insulated conductors and 1 ground conductor. Since you have already bought 10-3 cable, I would just cap off the white conductor at both ends and use the red and black conductors for your hot wires and the ground conductor to attach to the green screw on the water heater.

What size wire do I need for a 4500 watt water heater?

30 Amp dual pole breaker and 10 Gage wire size are required for 4500 watt elements.

What size breaker do I need for a 50 gallon electric water heater?

The standard for water heater circuits is #10, two conductors with ground (10/2) and a 30 amp circuit breaker for a water heater. If you are running cable anyway, just run #10 and replace the breaker so it’s done right, once and for all.

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What size breaker do I need for a 40 gallon electric water heater?

A 40-gallon water heater should have an average 4500 Watt capacity and 240 V emf. Thus, a 25 or 30A breaker is sufficient for a 40-gallon breaker. However, for your safety, we recommend getting a 30A breaker.

Can I use 10-2 wire for a water heater?

Most water heaters are wired with 10-2 w/Ground shielded cable. For long distances you may need to go with heavier wire. When you use this type of wire both the white and the black will serve as hot conductors. The bare ground wire will also be connected to the neutral lug.

Can you use 12 2 wire for 220?

The same 12-gauge wire can be used for a 220v, 20-amp outlet to run power tools. You need a different type of receptacle and 10-gauge cable if the appliance draws 30 Amps.

How many amps does an electric water heater pull?

A typical 50 gallon electric water heater runs at 4500 watts. In an electric circuit of 240 volts, 4500 watts is equivalent to 18.75 amps.

Can I replace a 3500 watt water heater with a 4500 watt?

It is ok to install lower watt: replace 4500 with 3500 as long as voltage is same. Lower watt means less heat, so element can last longer.

What wire do I use for a 30 amp breaker?

“Twelve-gauge wire is good for 20 amps, 10-gauge wire is good for 30 amps, 8-gauge is good for 40 amps, and 6-gauge is good for 55 amps,” and “The circuit breaker or fuse is always sized to protect the conductor [wire].”

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What size breaker do I need for a 20 gallon electric water heater?

A water heater of this type is required to be considered a continuous load meaning that the branch circuit needs to be calculated at 125% of the heater’s rated ampacity. 4500/240 = 18.75 amps, will work on a 20 amp OCPD but, 18.75*125% = 23.4 amps, requires a 25 or 30 amp circuit.

What kind of breaker do I need for 240 volts?

In household wiring, several appliances run on 240V power feeds from the breaker box. This voltage is double that of standard household wiring, and thus requires a special double-pole breaker.

What size breaker do I need for a 240-volt water heater?

A 240-volt dedicated circuit is needed for electric water heaters to work. A 30-amp double-pole breaker and 10-2 non-metallic cable are included in the circuit wiring.

Can I use a 40 amp breaker for water heater?

You cannot put a 40A breaker on #10 wire. If you are sure there is (at least) #8 wire all the way from the breaker to the water heater, you can just replace the 30A breaker with a 40A breaker, but if and only if you have verified the size of the wire throughout the entire circuit.

How many amps does a 80 gallon water heater pull?

This should be checked out first. A water heater will only draw depending on the wattage of the element(s). So your WH has 2 – 4500 watt elements. When only one runs it is drawing about 22 amps (208 is nominal voltage which is what you have in your building) 4500/208= 21.6 amps.

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How many amps does a 40 gallon hot water tank use?

Depending on the code, a 2500w heater w/240v will draw 2500/240 or 18.75 Amps and either 25 or 30 Amps.

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