Question: How To Install A Water Heater Expansion Tank?

How should an expansion tank be installed?

An expansion tank is generally installed directly above the water heater by means of a tee-fitting installed in the cold water delivery pipe. The expansion tank is usually installed horizontally, though it is acceptable to install it vertically if it is necessary because of space limitations.

Can I replace an expansion tank myself?

Replacing your water heater expansion tank by yourself can save you a lot of money and time. With the right tools and this guide you will be able to replace the expansion tank on your water heater without calling a professional plumber.

Does water heater expansion tank need support?

All expansion tanks (even the small 2-gallon tanks) should be supported in some way. You want to match the pressure in the expansion tank as close as possible to the water pressure of the house.

Does the expansion tank go on the hot or cold side?

Although expansion tanks can be installed on the hot side, we strongly recommend they be installed on the cold line, downstream of the shutoff valve.

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How much does it cost to replace a water heater expansion tank?

A water heater expansion tank costs $40 to $200 with labor adding another $50 to $150. Most come with a little extra space for fluid expansion as it heats up. It’s usually required by code with new construction or when upgrading your current system.

Why use expansion tank on hot water heater?

The expansion tank is designed to handle the thermal expansion of water as it heats up in the water heater, preventing excessive water pressure. If water pressure gets to high it can damage valves in plumbing fixtures, joints in supply pipes and the water heater itself.

What happens when an expansion tank fails?

Oftenthe diaphragm dividing the two systems will fail, causing the two systems to become one. When this happens, the expansion tank turns into a “dead leg” that will eventually cause damage and premature failure to your water heater.

When should I replace my water heater expansion tank?

If you don’t have an expansion tank in your system, you really should get one. Expansion tanks will normally wear out after anywhere from 5-10 years. To extend their service life as much as possible, it’s vitally important to match your expansion tank’s air pressure to your house’s water pressure.

Can you install expansion tank upside down?

Expansion tanks can be installed in any direction. Whether oriented uprightly, horizontally, or even upside down, the expansion tank will function properly without any adverse effects. Without proper support, the expansion tank could break off its mounting pipe — especially if the tank fails and fills with water.

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What happens if expansion tank pressure is too low?

If the precharge pressure is too low the tank may be excessivly full of water even before the thermal expansion takes place which may limit room for expansion, add additional weight to the tank, and, or, stress the tank bladder. These factors may reduce its service life.

How far can expansion tank be from water heater?

The tank can be installed anywhere in the cold-water line between the house’s main valve and water heater, or on the hot-water line within 3 ft. to 5 ft. of the water heater. An expansion tank should be installed in conjunction with a pressure-reducing valve in high-pressure situations.

Can an expansion tank explode?

In fact, the tank may explode! Thermal Expansion Can Cause Hot Water Heaters to Explode! A typical hot water heater in an “open” sys- tem has only a temperature and pressure (T&P) valve to prevent a rupture of the hot water heater (figure A). This compressibility allows the ex- panding hot water a place to go.

How long does an expansion tank last?

But expansion tanks can wear out. The average life of your tank can be anywhere between five and 10 years. You can extend the life of your expansion tank by making sure that your home’s water pressure matches the air pressure in your expansion tank.

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